Evidence from the use of communal lands in southern Namibia suggests that there is a higher tendency towards anti-social behaviour and conflict amongst groups who were exposed to higher levels of resource scarcity than others.
Prediger et al (2014) Journal of Public Economics
Potatoes come from America. Their introduction to the Old World accounts for at least a quarter of the population and urbanization growth in Europe between 1700 and 1900.
Nunn, N. & Qian, N. (2011) Quarterly Journal of Economics
Societies composed of many small ethnic groups will tend to have less social tension within each group but higher levels of tension between groups, compared to more homogeneous societies. Also, social mobility will make social tensions less likely across class than across ethnic groups.
Rohner (2011) Journal of Development Economics
Small shop owners in Kenya lose 5% to 8% of their profits simply because they do not hold enough small change to carry out transactions. This is not due to fear of theft but rather due to lack of planning.
Beaman et al. Journal of Development Economics (2014)
Satellite images of nighttime lights can be used as an indirect way of measuring the level of economic activity in countries or regions, in particular for developing countries with no recent population or economic censuses.
Chen et al. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2010)
A cash transfer program to households in South Africa improved the nutritional outcomes of girls, but only when the recipients of the money were women.
Duflo, World Bank Economic Review (2003)
There is a persistent effect of slavery on present day racial inequality. US counties where slavery was more widespread in 1860 show higher levels of inequality today, particularly in terms of access to public education.
Bertocchi et al. European Economic Review (2014)
In the late 17th Century a group of Protestants (called Huguenots) were expelled from France by Louis XIV. Some of them moved to Germany (then Prussia) and the knowledge and skills they carried with them increased the growth rate of the region for more than a century.
Hornug, American Economic Review (2014)
Farmers in Ghana were more likely to invest in their farms when offered free insurance against bad rainfall shocks. On the contrary, free cash grants had little effects on farm expenditures.
Karlan et al. Quarterly Journal of Economics(2014)
Adverse shocks to rural incomes in Brazilian municipalities increase the incidence of land invasions and occupations, in particular in more unequal municipalities.
Hidalgo et al. Review of Economics and Statistics(2010)