Behavioural

Indian sugar cane farmers’ cognitive performance is significantly lower before harvest, when their finances are stretched thin. Their performance improves after harvest, when financial concerns are alleviated. This result cannot be attributed to obvious factors, such as nutrition and stress levels.

Mani et al (2013) Science Magazine

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Demographic

Evidence from US court records for the 1973-1995 period suggests that there is a racial bias against minority defendants in capital punishment cases. First degree courts were more severe when minority defendants were accused of killing a white victim than when the victim was non-white. This bias is only detected in the Southern States of the US.

Alesina & La Ferrara (2014) American Economic Review