Indian sugar cane farmers’ cognitive performance is significantly lower before harvest, when their finances are stretched thin. Their performance improves after harvest, when financial concerns are alleviated. This result cannot be attributed to obvious factors, such as nutrition and stress levels.
Mani et al (2013) Science Magazine
Evidence from US court records for the 1973-1995 period suggests that there is a racial bias against minority defendants in capital punishment cases. First degree courts were more severe when minority defendants were accused of killing a white victim than when the victim was non-white. This bias is only detected in the Southern States of the US.
Alesina & La Ferrara (2014) American Economic Review
In a firm in Kenya workers from different ethnicities had to work in the same group. When they were getting paid according to individual production, they would sabotage those of different ethnicities, leading to lower productivity. When the payments were based on the production of the whole team, sabotaging decreased and overall productivity rose.
Hjort (forthcoming) Quarterly Journal of Economics
Prosocial behaviour of criminals is no different than that of non-criminals, in laboratory experiments. The results hold both when criminals play with other criminals and when they play with non-criminals.
Birkeland et al (2013) Experimental Economics
Performance incentives have been proved to work in the short term but might become counter-productive and “crowd out” a person’s intrinsic motivation to make an effort in the longer term. In this sense, the use of rewards may have “hidden costs” in that they might reduce overall effort.
Bénabou & Tirole (2003) Review of Economic Studies
Evidence from California indicates that the incidence of violence against women decreases as the difference between male and female wages declines.
Aizer (2010) American Economic Review
Unexpected defeats in american football games are linked to an increase in domestic violence in the US. When a home team is heavily predicted to win but loses, there is an average 8% increase in police reports.
Card & Dahl (2011) Quarterly Journal of Economics
People trade off attractiveness with potential earnings when looking for a partner. In the US men equate 1,3 BMI points with 1% increase in wages, women compensate 2 BMI points with one year of education.
Chiappori & Oreffice (2012) Journal of Political Economy
The Democratic vote in areas where racial animosity was higher, according to Google search results, was significantly lower during Obama’s two Presidential campaigns. This meant a loss of around 4% of the national vote.
Stephens-Davidowitz (2014) Journal of Public Economics
People cooperate more when they are shown a message containing a moral statement. However this effect is permanent only when it is also possible to punish those who do not cooperate.
Dal Bo & Dal Bo (2014) Journal of Public Economics