Indian sugar cane farmers’ cognitive performance is significantly lower before harvest, when their finances are stretched thin. Their performance improves after harvest, when financial concerns are alleviated. This result cannot be attributed to obvious factors, such as nutrition and stress levels.
Mani et al (2013) Science Magazine
In a firm in Kenya workers from different ethnicities had to work in the same group. When they were getting paid according to individual production, they would sabotage those of different ethnicities, leading to lower productivity. When the payments were based on the production of the whole team, sabotaging decreased and overall productivity rose.
Hjort (forthcoming) Quarterly Journal of Economics
Performance incentives have been proved to work in the short term but might become counter-productive and “crowd out” a person’s intrinsic motivation to make an effort in the longer term. In this sense, the use of rewards may have “hidden costs” in that they might reduce overall effort.
Bénabou & Tirole (2003) Review of Economic Studies
Unexpected defeats in american football games are linked to an increase in domestic violence in the US. When a home team is heavily predicted to win but loses, there is an average 8% increase in police reports.
Card & Dahl (2011) Quarterly Journal of Economics
The Democratic vote in areas where racial animosity was higher, according to Google search results, was significantly lower during Obama’s two Presidential campaigns. This meant a loss of around 4% of the national vote.
Stephens-Davidowitz (2014) Journal of Public Economics
Better radio and television signal coverage in Indonesia is associated with less participation in social organizations and lower trust in others.
Olken (2009) American Economic Journal: Applied Economics
The introduction of faster internet in Germany did not decrease social capital in the sense of real world inter-personal relations and civic engagement.
Bauernschuster et al. (2014) Journal of Public Economics
Women are less likely to self-select into competitive and risky all-or-nothing paying schemes than men.
Niederle et al. (2007) Quarterly Journal of Economics
Households in the US are more aware of changes to monetary policy in times of weak labor markets. Some households form their expectations about future policy in a way that is consistent with a monetary-policy rule used by Central Banks to change interests rates in response to changes in economic conditions
Carvalho et al. Journal of Monetary Economics (2014)
People like to help those who are helping them and to hurt those who are hurting them.
Rabin, American Economic Review (1993)